The Battle of Lens By 1648, Europeans were tired of the Thirty Years War. Most photographers end up having both zooms and prime lenses as part of their gear. When England were drawn against Wales in Group B of EURO 2016 it … The news from Paris was not good at all for the monarchy and the Prince of Conde was recalled to re-establish civil order. This is a desk piece commemorating the Battle of Lens in 1917. The Battle of Hill 70 took place in the First World War between the Canadian Corps and four divisions of the German 6th Army. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The French rearguard was badly defeated and Conde tried to answer with his heavy cavalry but he was also bitten and was obliged to run away behind the French infantry. It was noteworthy for the swift and spectacular gains made by the British in the opening phase—above all, the capture of Vimy Ridge, considered virtually impregnable, by the Canadian Corps—but it ended as a costly stalemate resulting in … All these photo lenses are beautiful pieces of engineering, but it has a "huge" cost. Some situations might call for different needs that can be best approached with one lens or the … The battle cemented the reputation of Condé blue. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Conde (1621-1686), Grand Conde, defeated the Spanish. The city had been captured by the … With such arrangements, the French moved forward to retake their previous positions. World War 1. During sometime the French and Lorraine cavalry fought bravely but like at Rocroi, the cavalry of the French reserve managed to outflank their opponents. The French Tenth Army, led by Louis Maud'huy, attacked the advancing German forces on 1 October, initially experiencing success until they … Destroyed city of Lens during the Battle of Arras, 1917. On the other side, French losses were estimated at 600 men excluding officers (Galeazo Gualdo, 1651). Our animated historical documentary series on the Thirty Years’ War comes to the end with a video on the battles of Lens and Prague of 1648 and the subsequent peace of Westphalia which ended the conflict. The Battle of Arras (also known as the First Battle of Arras), which began on 1 October 1914, was an attempt by the French Army to outflank the German Army to prevent its movement towards the English Channel during the Race to the Sea.. In Paris the events started on 15 January when the parliament of Paris refused to sign seven tax edicts to finance the war. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). The Prince de Condé rushed from Catalonia to Flanders and an army was cobbled together from Champagne, Lorraine as well as Paris. It was the last major battle of the war. On 16 June, Field Marshal Rantzau tried to raid the city of Ostend with a fleet of 50 ships and 3,000 men but the Marquis of Sfondrati was waiting for him and managed to annihilate the French force and to capture Rantzau. Canadian troops have been making … Rapidly, soldiers of the Spanish infantry discovered that their flanks were open and that the Spanish cavalry had abandoned them. The Tamron 70-180mm is a more rudimentary lens, but it goes to the essentials where it should be: bright, fast, precise, an aesthetic image rendering, very light and easy to store in a bag and an affordable price. Edition number: 5. The French and British tried to break through the German defences in Artois and Champagne and restore a war of … ( Log Out /  A French commander rides his white horse to victory in the Battle of Lens (1648). ( Log Out /  The high casualty rates - 60,000 killed, wounded or captured - produced gloom in Britain and caused the Germans to name the battle 'the corpse field of Loos'. Heroism 16/08/2017 06/08/2017 ianmoore3000 1917, Western Front Battle of Lens, Battle of Passchendaele, British army, Canadian army, First World War, Flanders, German Army, Third Battle of Ypres, Ypres. ( Log Out /  Coming back to Ypres, the Archduke tried to save the city but on 28 May the Spanish garrison capitulated. The ruins of the Cathedral of Arras, after the battles of April-May 1917. The total war imposed by Richelieu and by Mazarin had increased strongly the taxes to maintain the army. Above: Canadian soldiers in a captured German trench during the Battle of Hill 70 in August 1917. Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. Spread the love. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. The Battle of Lens, fought on 20 August 1648 in the County of Hainaut between the Spanish Army of Flanders and the French Army of Picardy. Now that the front had calmed slightly and realising that the link between the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions was still precarious it was decided to withdraw slightly, from Norman Trench (The Green Line during the seizure of the hill) to a position 250 metres further … Following Canovas del Castillo (Volume 2, 1888), when the first fighting started on the Spanish left the Spanish army had not finished its deployment, the cavalry was in place but some of the infantry was just arriving on the battlefield and the reserve squadrons were still on the hill in their original position. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). "Trenches corrected to 19-9-17". Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Still in the centre, the second line had only six infantry battalions with two cavalry squadrons (guards of the Archduke and guards of Fuensaldana) between the lines. In the aftermath of the battle of Zusmarshausen, the Holy Roman Empire attempts to drive the attention away from […] The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was the last major battle of the Thirty Years' War and a major French victory during the Franco-Spanish War. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. By spring 1648, a general discontent was spreading in all classes of the population. I was in the hospital for one week, in convalescence for one week, and in base camp for one week. Despite drawing out the Germans into a costly attack, and causing some 20 000 casualties, the capture of Hill 70 had not forced a German withdrawal from the city. On 12 May he had surrounded the city and on the 19th the line of circumvallation was finished. The battle, in August 1917, gave the Allied forces a crucial strategic position overlooking the occupied city of Lens. On the other side, the two French wings managed to trap a good proportion of Spanish infantry and to overcome the last resistance of the reserve cavalry. The Spanish were deployed with a right wing of cavalry commanded by the Count of Bucquoy and the Prince de Ligne. Jean Pierre Franque (1774-1802) French historical painter, Galerie des Batailles, Versailles. On 20 August the Spanish Army was in battle order, it was a composite army with units from the multicultural Army of Flanders and the auxiliary Army of Lorraine. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE, Prokhorovka – the unknown clash of the Great Patriotic War. Panic started to spread in the Spanish centre and some of the infantry withdrew with the last cavalry squadrons present on the battlefield. Meantime in the centre the French infantry led by the battalions of the Gardes Franfaises and Gardes Suisse launched a massive assault on the Spanish infantry (Bonifaz and Mouroy/Beck). On 27 August, the victorious French army was again besieging Furnes and on 10 September with no hope to be succoured, the garrison capitulated. The Allies had five regiments of foot, one medium cannon, one cuirassier regiment (two double squadrons) and four horse regiments (two squadrons each), along with four generals. 'Battle of Lens' , 28 August 1648. Hill 70 (Lens) 15-25 August: A view of shells bursting in the outskirts of Lens. Mounted to the base, which measures 6″ x 3 1/4,” is a jagged piece of shrapnel. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? Learn how your comment data is processed. The Battle of Loos took place from 25 September – 8 October 1915 in France on the Western Front, during the First World War.It was the biggest British attack of 1915, the first time that the British used poison gas and the first mass engagement of New Army units. Lens is a fortified city in the historic region of Flanders, today a major city in the Pas-de-Calais department of northern France. Battle of Arras (April 9-12, 1917). SUMMER THROWBACK – THE BATTLE OF LENS. The Battle of Lens. Battle of Hill 70 21-25 August 1917. The situation in the French kingdom was not as good as it seemed. The battle was one of the final conflicts of the Thirty Years' War. Stamped red on right … This first success was encouraging for some Spanish officers, and the Archduke was quickly convinced to move all the army to the previous French position. At the beginning of February, Archduke Leopold sent the Spanish army in a surprise attack against Courtrai but due to the awareness and strength of the French garrison the attack failed (Montglat, volume 2, 1826). On the other side, the Spanish commander decided to abandon Ypres and rapidly moved to again attack Courtrai. (BSLOC_2013_1_141) Undated photograph of Private Frank King who is to be buried with full military honours at the cemetery near the French town of Arras today (Wednesday), more than … Edit: My bad, there is a small town called Lens in Belgium, but it's in Hainaut, which is part of Wallonia, not Flanders (unless one is speaking of ancient Flanders, which was a much wider region). Battle of Arras, (9 April–17 May 1917), British offensive on the German defenses around the French city of Arras during World War I. With the success of the Canadian Corps at Hill 70, Currie now turned his eyes to the town behind the hill – Lens. Fighting from August 15 to 25 cost the Canadians almost 10,000 casualties (killed, wounded and missing). On the other side, the Prince of Conde understood that a retreat in such conditions could lead to a disaster and decided to stop and face the incoming Spanish. The Spanish infantry broke the Gardes Françaises regiment, but the superior French cavalry were able to defeat their counterparts and envelop the center. Just poke around chat forums and you’ll find loads of questions about the pros and cons of both. The Battle of Lens (20 August 1648) was a French victory under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé against the Spanish army under Archduke Leopold in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). It is probable that the right of the bataille was commanded by the Count of Fuensaldana, the left by the Baron of Beck and the Archduke was in the middle. The rebellion of the parliament of Paris called la fronde parlementaire (1648- 1649) was followed by the rebellion of the nobility (1650- 1653). Western Lens taken . This time the French garrison (2,000 men) was totally surprised and after few days they had to surrender on 23 May. Successful at first, they were soon isolated from their comrades suffering terrible losses after a counterattack by the Spanish tercios (Toledo and Vargas) and the cavalry of the centre. The French army was 16,000 men (more than half were cavalry) and 18 guns. Despite failing to achieve all of its goals, it was a remarkable success for the Canadian Corps. With the victory of the Prince of Conde in hand, Mazarin decided to arrest the leaders of the parliament, but the feeling of the common people of Paris was against him and on 27 August, during “la journee des barricades” the people of Paris erupted in open rebellion. This information is written on its marble base. Simply put, some people prefer glasses and don’t see the benefits in contacts. Contemporary illustration, oil on canvas. The nobility rebelled against the leadership of Cardinal Mazarin, known as the Fronde, leading the Spanish to perceive an opportunity to retake Lens and possibly gain ground. I was also mentioned in dispatches. On the other cavalry wing, the men commanded by the Count of Bucquoy clashed with their enemies, holding their position while exchanging pistol fire and sword thrusts with the French cavalry of Gramont. The Fronde was the last rebellion of the French nobility against the monarchy but at the end it facilitated the emergence of absolutism. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. A clear Spanish tactical defeat but the French could not press on, mainly due to the political instability in Paris and lack of men. The campaign started really in May when the Prince of Conde moved to besiege the city of Ypres. The First World War was a particularly bloody conflict and even relatively successful battles took a devastating toll. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Spanish were halted by the strong resistance of French infantry of Picardy, Persan and Gardes Ecossaises, the attack of the squadrons of gendarmes and by the support of the French second line. To our knowledge, the estimate of Galeazo Gualdo (1651), should be close to the truth and if we take into accounts some deserters Spanish losses could be estimated at up to 6,000 men, most of them infantry, 38 guns and the majority of the baggage. A refight of the Battle of Lens 1648 using my Sun King 1670s figures, with the Allies as the Spanish and the French as, well, the French! 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