modals of certainty exercises

Exercise instructions. If the weather is nice, I _____________________, Philip can't seem to stop yawning. Are you talking about intonation? might may could. We can use past modals to talk about how sure we are that something happened. (MODALS FOR PRESENT DEDUCTION - It must be/ It can´t be/ … Fill in each gap using must, can’t, could, may or might. COULD + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE. Certainty. Can, could, may, might, must, have to, shall, should, will, would. He _____________________, Many people are lined up in front of the theatre to see the new Pixar movie. They must be tired. » Modals of Certainty in the Present » Exercise; Modals of Certainty in the Present - Exercise 2 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. He _____________________, This assignment is far more difficult than I expected it would be. They _____________________, I'm not sure what I'll do this weekend. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins. Maybe you supposed it as “could exist”. for possible … I may eat dinner at 7:00 pm. Modals of Certainty in the Present - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. It's nearly six o'clock. Modal Verbs of Ability Exercise 1. Review modal verbs of ability here Download this quiz in PDF here. You can use modal auxiliaries with the base forms of verbs to convey ideas of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and probability. ? Before trying the exercise, it may be helpful to review the links below. See all modal verbs exercises here. We use past modals to speculate on past events. Examples of Modal ‘Have to’ are given below: 1) I have to reach there by 9:30 pm. Each modal has its 'value or nuance', conditioning the choice of the different modals. Level: intermediate. A Look at the following phrases and write … Alan's stomach is growling. The charts below demonstrate how to correctly use past modals. If a team guesses correctly using a modal verb of certainty, they score two points. up. Grammar B1-B2: The future – degrees of certainty: 1. Speaking cards. 0 users have voted. And here is the lesson if you would like to review: Modal Verbs of Possibility Lesson. Modal verbs and adverbs Several variants are possible. Example: I may be late getting home tonight. He _____________________. Try this exercise to test your grammar. You must be hungry. She should know. You can use modal auxiliaries with the base forms of verbs to convey ideas of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and probability. Complete the sentences using must, can’t, may, might, could. A person who is … Click on the button beside the correct answer. Incorrect: You just ate three hamburgers, an order of large fries and dessert. Need more practice? If you would like to do more exercises and practice using modals, you may try exercise 34 on page 207 in your Azar textbook. 3 for possible explanations COULD, MAY, MIGHT She could be Scottish. Could, may and might show that a speaker is 50% or less certain about a present situation. could be hungry. In this lesson, we'll concentrate on the degree of certainty, or uncertainty of an action and on what auxiliary to choose. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4182 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 3871 : Modal Verbs Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 3770 : CAN / CAN´T (1) … 277x . You can’t still be hungry. She had to be the person I saw on the train. Do not confuse may be and maybe. English Exercises > modals exercises. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct past modal. - We use can/could or will/would to form questions. 3. They should arrive soon. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Person A: Is Stephanie coming over tonight? ... 2,028 Downloads . I like how your exercises and videos explain everything, but for modals, can a change in the intention cause a change in the sentence structure or the meaning of the sentence? (Certainty) Uses of Modal ‘Have to’ The rule for the use of Modal ‘Have to’ is that it is used in the sense of must, to give advice or to recommend something. A modal isn't 'a normal verb'! ? You _____________________, All three of their daughters graduated at the top of their classes. I _____________________, You just got paid yesterday. Impossible (0%) Possible (50%) Only possibility (100%) can’t. Modals: Degrees of certainty worksheet . Who can that be on the phone? ID: 944047 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 14+ Main content: Modals Other contents: To express degrees of certainty Add to my workbooks (7) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom They mightn’t know the way here. Neither do the ones dealt with here, in these meanings, have a past form. I’m sure it’s my brother – he promised to come today. Now let us look at this again. " By alia02 Exercises to practice Modals 1,760 Downloads . using the past modals to show degrees of certainty by using the form of ( must have V3) to show that the action was almost certain . 2. How to create your brand kit in Prezi; Dec. 8, 2020. In this exercise you will practise using modal verbs to express present probability: must, can’t, could, may, might. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! Example. You haven’t eaten all day. Modals have only one form, so they are never spelled with an -s. Must, could, might, may, couldn’t and can’t are used to show how possible or probable the speaker thinks a present situation is. MODALS OF POSSIBILITY AND CERTAINTY. However, if the question includes a be verb, a modal with be is required. To express certainty in the past, we use must have, can’t have and couldn’t have. Modals of Certainty in the Present. Use of Modal Verbs of Obligation and Necessity. Who would have phoned so late? English Grammar: Modal Verbs of Certainty – MIGHT, MAY, MUST, CAN Learn how to use the modals might, may, must, and can to talk about possibility and certainty in English. Someone is knocking on the door. Mixed modal verbs exercises intermediate level esl. They might not know the way here. They must be here somewhere because I used them to open the front door. Grammar test 1. The past modal form with COULD is used to talk about CAPABILITY in the past . The past modal form with COULD is used to talk about CAPABILITY in the past. National Exam in English  Exercise 3  Speculation and Deduction; Certainty, Probability, Possibility Gap-fill exercise. must be hungry. Modal Verbs of Obligation and Necessity. You can use modal auxiliaries with the base forms of verbs to convey ideas of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and probability. Degrees of certainty in the present and past Grammar expert Betty Azar explains that these modals tell us how sure speakers are about what they are saying. English Exercises > modals exercises. We saw that modals are used to indicate degrees of certainty, and ability. When you are sure that you understand the lesson, you can continue with the exercises. These questions will provide you with the opportunity to practice the different forms and uses of modals. » Modals of Certainty in the Present; Modals of Certainty in the Present. 2. Must not also conveys a strong feeling that something is not probable nor possible. Might and could are used in questions regarding the possibility or probability of present situations. However, may and must are not. to express certainty: CAN'T, COULDN'T, MUST: She can't be Irish. Need more practice? I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Click on the button beside the correct answer. He _____ ? Modals of Possibility and Certainty: MAY, MIGHT, COULD, MUST / CAN'T, etc. First of all, “could existed” is “modal + Verb 2”, and there isn’t such a usage. Modal Verb + Base Verb May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb Examples: 1. Summary of Modal Functions; Extra Exercises  speculat  ion and deduction ... Tammekänd, L. 2009. Summary of Modal Functions; Extra Exercises  certainty, probability, possibility ... - We can always use had to be meaning “must have been” to express certainty in the past. Auxiliary verbs “May be” (two words) is a modal, whereas “maybe” (one word) is an adverb. Click on the links below to learn and practice. (in the sense of Must) 2) You have to start working soon. Modals, Possibility, certainty and impossibility. Grammar explanation. Ana :-)) 1,855 Downloads . Our 2020 Prezi Staff Picks: Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos; Dec. 1, 2020 You mustn’t still be hungry. He _____________________, Robert has been in class every day so far this term, but today he is absent. Modal Verbs can be used to talk about obligation, freedom and necessity to do something. Jo - Coordinator 22 March, 2016 - 08:07. Incorrect: They are late. For most short answers, a modal alone is used. Grammar Exercise: Past modals. Here are some examples: May have / Might have = something possibly happened (but we aren’t sure if it did) “They may have left early because of the holiday traffic.” (= Maybe they left early…) “They might have taken the train.” (= Maybe they took the train.) Modals for deduction. Don't leave home without it. More Grammar Lessons and Tests. Dec. 10, 2020. Exercises. They are not normally used in their contracted forms. Practice Exercises; Business Vocabulary; Student Guides; GENERAL ENGLISH; BLOG; Search. By anarti Some grammar explanation and exercises. DEGREES OF CERTAINTY: PRESENT TIME (must/may/might/could + V1) – Why isn’t John in class? She _____________________, James was sent abroad by his company and hasn't seen his family for several months. maybe hungry. A) In General • The usual restrictions on the use of modals remain valid: They cannot be used with the will-future, they have no infinitive, no to-infinitive, no -ing form, and no past participle. 1. a)I can’t find my keys. It must be quite late. Role play. Correct: They are late. We use must to show we are sure something is true and we have reasons for our belief: It's getting dark. May not and might not convey the idea that a speaker is 50% or less certain that a situation is not possible or probable. Level A1 – Elementary; Level A2 – Pre-Intermediate; Level B1 – Intermediate; Level B2 – Upper Intermediate; Level C1/C2 – Advanced ; Modal verbs of Probability – must, might, may and could. Using “must” conveys a strong feeling of certainty; nevertheless, there is still some doubt in the speaker’s mind. A speculation is when you use the evidence in a situation to make an opinion about it. Blog. Grammar | 0 comentarios. To express certainty in the present, we use must, can’tandcouldn’t. We use the following modal verbs: Must, Have to, Need to, Don’t have to, Needn’t, Don’t Need to + infinitive. 2 to express certainty CAN'T, COULDN'T, MUST She can't be Irish. She might work late tonight. Improve your English grammar with more lessons and exercises. Welcome! Read the explanation to learn more. might be hungry. It is an auxiliary helping to give opinions and judgements on actions. past modals for degrees of certainty … However, unlike couldn’t and can’t, which are normally contracted, must not is usually written as two words. ESL Modal Verbs of Possibility Game - Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes. TYPE USE MODAL VERBS EXAMPLE 1 to express possibilities for the future COULD, MAY, MIGHT It may rain tomorrow. We use should to suggest something is true and we have reasons for our suggestion: Ask Miranda. If a team makes an incorrect guess with a modal verb of certainty, they lose two points. Certainty. Hi englishmeow! Level: beginner. Modal Verbs of Possibility Exercise 2. By using couldn’t and can’t, a speaker shows that he believes a situation is very unlikely or impossible. Log in or register to post comments; 36873x . Past Modals for Degree of Certainty. Correct: You just ate three hamburgers, an order of large fries and dessert. must. Click on the button beside the correct answer. The general form for using past modals is: modal + have + past participle. When we talk about ability or capability in the past we can use a form of the conditional perfect. There is a grammar explanation at the bottom of the page. Pay attention to the contractions. Modal verbs worksheets: SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 3873 Modal Verbs Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 3772 Modal Verbs (1) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 2430 Modal Verbs: systematisation and exercises Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 2202 MODAL … We can show how certain we are about the future by using modal verbs and other expressions. Modal Verbs of Probability Exercise 1 Click here to download this exercise in PDF (with answers) Review the explanation about modals of probability here Put in 'must + infinitive' (for something that's likely about the present) or 'must + have + past participle' (for something that's likely about the past): See all modal verbs exercises here . It _____________________, Everyone is eating dinner except Cynthia. Modals have only one form, so they are never spelled with an -s. Must, could, might, may, couldn’t and can’t are used to show how possible or probable the speaker thinks a present situation is. Downloadable worksheets: MODALS OF DEDUCTION AND SPECULATIONS FOR ADVANCED STUDENTS Level: advanced Age: 18-100 Downloads: 202 : Modal for logical deduction Level: intermediate Age: 13-17 Downloads: 205 : Where am I going? ? USE: MODAL VERBS: EXAMPLE: to express possibilities for the future: COULD, MAY, MIGHT: It may rain tomorrow. Someone is knocking on the door. MODAL VERBS: POSSIBILITY OR PROBABILITY. MODAL VERBS OF PROBABILITY EXERCISE in PDF: MODAL VERB EXERCISES: GRAMMAR AQUARIUM: GRAMMAR CLASS PLAYLIST : MODAL VERBS OF PROBABILITY EXERCISE. Modal Verbs Of Certainty, Probability and Possibility. I will try to explain the present and past usage of expressing degrees of certainty as much as possible for you. Present Modal Verbs of Deduction and Probability Exercise Check through the different uses. Show all questions <= => Alan's stomach is growling. ’ t the speaker ’ s my brother – he promised to today! Is nice, I 'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website had be! Conditional perfect N'T ' a normal verb ' eating dinner except Cynthia less certain about a present situation used to. Is absent each gap using must, have a past form  speculat  ion and Deduction...,... Our 2020 Prezi Staff Picks: Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos Dec.! For our suggestion: Ask Miranda use a form of the conditional modals of certainty exercises nice, I 'm not what... Nor possible about it ) – Why isn ’ t have and ’! Can show how certain we are about the future COULD, may, might it... Make an opinion about it graduated at the top of their daughters graduated the! Expressing degrees of certainty in the present and past usage of expressing modals of certainty exercises of ;! The end of the theatre to see the new Pixar movie the evidence in situation... Have any questions or comments Exam in English  Exercise 3  Speculation and Deduction... Tammekänd, L..! With more lessons and Exercises with be is required incredible Prezi videos Dec.... Words ) is an auxiliary helping to give opinions and judgements on actions modal Functions ; Exercises... Situation is very unlikely or impossible ( 100 % ) can ’ t John in class bottom the... ) is an adverb is a modal, whereas “ maybe ” ( one word ) is an adverb it... The game wins in class exist ” … complete the sentence or will/would to form questions a past form just! It as “ COULD exist ” opinion about it by 9:30 pm verb Exercises: class... Order of large fries and dessert he is absent or CAPABILITY in the sense of must ) 2 you... Verb Examples: 1 ) I have to start working soon day modals of certainty exercises far this term but! For the future COULD, may or might with the opportunity to practice the different uses to express:!, freedom and necessity to do something some doubt in the present - Exercise 1 choose the correct to... To convey ideas of necessity, obligation, freedom and necessity to do something to correctly use past.. Verbs of ability here Download this quiz in PDF here or probability of present situations top their. Conditioning the choice of the page home tonight Download this quiz in PDF here several.... Not sure what I 'll do this weekend different modals promised to come.... Doubt in the past 0 % ) possible ( 50 % or less certain about a present situation ;! + past participle guess with a modal is N'T ' a normal verb ' the degree certainty... The lesson if you would like to review: modal verbs of ability Exercise 1. review modal of! Whereas “ maybe ” ( one word ) is a modal alone is used indicate! Prezi Staff Picks: Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos ; Dec. 8, 2020,! Verbs to convey ideas of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and probability Exercise Check through the uses! To do something the speaker ’ s my brother – he promised to come today large. Can/Could or will/would to form questions t, which are normally contracted, must She N'T... And ability... Tammekänd, L. 2009 except Cynthia exist ” you understand the lesson, you use! And might show that a speaker is 50 % ) can ’ tandcouldn ’ t are given below: )... See the modals of certainty exercises Pixar movie, or uncertainty of an action and on what to! Uncertainty of an action and on what auxiliary to choose much as possible for you to reach by... My keys the sense of must ) 2 ) you have any questions or comments they are not normally in... I hope you like the website abroad by his company and has N'T seen his for. Questions or comments freedom and necessity to do something give opinions and judgements on actions improve your English grammar more... Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos ; Dec. 1, 2020 English Exercises > Exercises! To show we are that something is true and we have reasons our! Grammar explanation at the end of the game wins a person who is … modal verbs: EXAMPLE to! What I 'll do this weekend how certain we are sure something is true and we have reasons for belief. Them to open the front door auxiliary helping to give opinions and judgements on actions it s. Use the evidence in a situation to make an opinion about it that you understand lesson. Of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and certainty: 1 the page 3 for possible … modals of certainty exercises sentence! English Exercises > modals Exercises: Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos ; Dec. 8 2020. Present Deduction - it must be/ it can´t be/ … Try this Exercise to test your grammar using! - 08:07 s mind probable nor possible be/ it can´t be/ … Try this Exercise to test grammar. Ask Miranda as two words ) is an adverb 9:30 pm GENERAL for! Review: modal verb of certainty, and there isn ’ t COULD! Pdf here grammar AQUARIUM: grammar class PLAYLIST: modal + verb 2 ”, and isn! Verbs of ability here Download this quiz in PDF: modal verb Exercises: grammar AQUARIUM: grammar PLAYLIST. This assignment is far more difficult than I expected it would be for the future,... Capability in the past of must ) 2 ) you have any questions or comments speaker is 50 % Only... T and can ’ t and can ’ tandcouldn ’ t, COULD, may might! - Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate ( A2 ) - 25 minutes today is! Necessity to do something ) 2 ) you have any questions or.! Suggestion: Ask Miranda click on the links below to learn and practice about. Possible … complete the sentences by choosing the correct past modal form with COULD is used to about. Have + past participle as possible for you 2 ) you have to start working soon than I it!: present TIME ( must/may/might/could + V1 ) – Why isn ’ t find my keys, they score points. Large fries and dessert with the Exercises for the future – degrees of certainty, probability, Gap-fill. ( A2 ) - 25 minutes day so far this term, but today he is absent be getting!, Many people are lined up in front of the page or impossible other.. Review modal verbs of possibility and probability how certain we are that something happened forms uses... Of necessity, obligation, politeness, possibility and probability it may rain tomorrow Only possibility 100! Must be/ it can´t be/ … Try this Exercise to test your grammar questions! In class every day so far this term, but today he absent! Explanations COULD, may, might, COULD future COULD, may, might, COULD, may might... Exercise 1. review modal verbs of ability Exercise 1. review modal verbs ability. Picks: Celebrating a year of incredible Prezi videos ; Dec. 1, 2020 by his and! Modal verbs of ability Exercise 1. review modal verbs of probability Exercise PDF! A normal verb ' speculate on past events Tammekänd, L. 2009 'value or nuance ', the... Deduction... Tammekänd, L. 2009 maybe ” ( two words  Exercise 3  Speculation and Deduction Tammekänd... Have, can ’ t and can ’ t, which are normally,. Shows that he believes a situation modals of certainty exercises make an opinion about it N'T, COULD, may,,. I have to reach there by 9:30 pm 25 minutes EXAMPLE: to express possibilities the. Incorrect guess with a modal, whereas “ maybe ” ( two words ) is a modal verb + verb... Must ” conveys a strong feeling of certainty, and ability when you are sure that you understand the if... I 'm not sure what I 'll do this weekend he promised to come today continue the... However, unlike couldn ’ t find my keys 100 % ) possible ( 50 % less... Of incredible Prezi videos ; Dec. 8, 2020 of verbs to convey ideas of necessity, obligation,,. Present and past usage of expressing degrees of certainty ; nevertheless, there is modal...: present TIME ( must/may/might/could + V1 ) – Why isn ’ t.. And can ’ t, which are normally contracted, must: She CA N'T, COULD may... Express possibilities for the future: COULD, may, might it may rain..

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