phoenix dactylifera varieties

Herbarium Catalogue (32 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode The results of the proximate analysis of tested varieties of P. dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas are given in Table 1. The high nutritive value suggests that Phoenix dactylifera can be used as formulation in various dietary supplements.33. The study concluded that tested varieties of Date palm have the potential to inhibit bacterial biofilms and can be used for therapeutic purposes against biofilm producing pathogens. Al-Hooti, S., Sidhu, J.S., Al-Otaibi, J., Al-Ameeri, H. and Qabazard, H. (1997). The extracts of the selected varieties of P. dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas showed excellent inhibition potential against bacterial biofilm, hence successful antibiofilm agent inhibiting the growth of bacterial biofilms. Abstract. Phoenix dactylifera. The type of fruit depends on the glucose, fructose, and sucrose content. Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree, Upright Fruits of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae) are a commercial product of high economic and nutritional relevance in the Middle East.Global date production has constantly expanded to 8.3 million tonnes in 2017. ORCID iDMuhammad Riaz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5524-7735. The dry date seed contains 7.9% moisture, 5.2% protein,6.8% fat, 65.5% carbohydrates, 13.6% fiber, and 0.89% ash. 'Dayri', 'Deglet Nour', 'Zahdi'), and dry (e.g. So, DPPH scavenging potential increases by increasing the quantity of various extracts of Khalas and Ajwa.37 Previous studies reported the highest concentration of polyphenols in date fruits among the dried fruits because of the extreme temperature and sunlight exposure for date fruits.7 Antioxidant potential of 28 fruits routinely used in China has been studied by Guo et al. Young date leaves are cooked and eaten as a vegetable, as is the terminal bud or heart, though its removal kills the palm. The results indicated that the antioxidant activity of this plant extract was equivalent to 97.67 ± 0.07% and 81.84 ± 0.11% radical inhibition in vitro for Ajwa and Khalas, respectively. Eventually this stock was reintroduced to Africa and led to the U.S. production of dates in Yuma, Arizona, and the Bard Valley in California.[34]. Their seeds produce yellow-green, saturating oil containing large amount of good fats.15 Date palm is found valuable in the treatment of allergy, fever and memory aggravations. When Muslims break fast in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first. Sharing links are not available for this article. [6] However, reports on the properties of different date varieties obtained from different origins are still limited. Traditionally the female flowers are the most available for sale and weigh 300–400 grams (11–14 oz). They are particularly available to eat whole at Christmas time. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses, Therapeutic Potential of Selected Varieties of Phoenix Dactylifera L. Against Microbial Biofilm and Free Radical Damage to DNA, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/, https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage. We designed this study to assess the antitumorigenic effects of date palm pits extracts from different Emiratis varieties. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest cultivated trees and is intimately tied to the history of human civilization.There are hundreds of commercial cultivars with distinct fruit shapes, colors, and sizes growing mainly in arid lands from the west of North Africa to India. 1: DNA of calf thymus + H2O2+ FeSO4, 2: DNA of calf thymus, 3-5: (10, 50 and 100 mg/mL) Concentrations of Khalas extract + calf thymus DNA + H2O2, 6-8: (10, 50 and 100 mg/mL) Concentrations of Ajwa extract + calf thymus DNA+ H2O2. Dates are testified to have minimum 15 necessary minerals and also source of good sterols. [17] The date palm was a popular garden plant in Roman peristyle gardens, though it would not bear fruit in the more temperate climate of Italy. Figure 4. High potassium diets recently were shown to retard or prevent the developmentof gastric ulcers in experimental rats. IDENTIFICATION OF Phoenix dactylifera L. VARIETIES BASED ON AMPLIFIED FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM (AFLP) MARKERS . Both extracts at varying concentrations inhibited the bacterial biofilm formation. The leaflets are 30 cm (12 in) long and 2 cm (0.79 in) wide. The overall production, usage and industrialization of dates are expanding due to its dietary and health benefits.17. The external structure of pulp of Ajwa and Khalas showed morphology which has importance for cultivators to distinguish and recognize the potential modification among species and cultivars within the species.42 Scanning electron microscopic picture of Ajwa and Khalas are presented in Figure 4. Phoenix excelsior Cav.. Phoenix iberica D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón. Then the slides were rinsed, stained and the biofilms were dissolved using 30% glacial acetic acid. [23][24] The draft genome sequence was improved in 2019 with the release of a more complete genome sequence using small molecule real-time sequencing technology by a team from the New York University Abu Dhabi Center for Genomics and Systems Biology and the UAE University Khalifa Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in the United Arab Emirates. Results of the antibacterial activities of studied varieties of P. dactylifera namely Ajwa and Khalas by using 100mg/mL concentration against selected bacterial strains i-e P. multocida and B. Subtilis are given in Table 3 as inhibition zone (IZ; mm) and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC; µg/mL). The authors are thankful to Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan for providing funds for this research project under NRPU Project Pin No. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. MATERIAL AND METHODS Plant Material Fresh leaves of three Phoenix dactylifera varieties (Deglet Nour, Medjhoul, and Barhee) were harvested in March from the garden of Sciences Faculty, Sfax, Tunisia. A date palm cultivar, probably what used to be called Judean date palm, is renowned for its long-lived orthodox seed, which successfully sprouted after accidental storage for 2000 years. [42] These have generally been replaced by an inexpensive pale-colored knobbled plastic fork that resembles a date branch (example[43]), which is traditionally included with numerous brands of prepackaged trays of dates (example), though this practice has declined in response to increased use of resealable packaging and calls for fewer single-use plastics. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Mehrgarh around 7000 BCE, a Neolithic civilization in what is now western Pakistan,[14] and in eastern Arabia between 5530 and 5320 calBC. Total ash is a measure of the presence of inorganic compound in the sample. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra confirmed the presence of O–H, C=C and C–O functional groups in tested extracts. 15 October 2008. Ajwa and Khalas protected the calf thymus DNA against damage caused by hydroxyl radicals produced by fenton reagent. 1 Introduction. The date palm, Phoenix dactylifera, is possibly second only to the coconut palm in economic importance throughout the world. 'Barhee', 'Halawy', 'Khadrawy', 'Medjool'); semi-dry (e.g. Manual pollination is done by skilled labourers on ladders, or by use of a wind machine. question # 214222: Does Islam recommend any particular foods to maintain a woman’s good health during pregnancy? The mechanical stability of the erythrocytic membrane is a better sign of the effect of various in vitro studies by chemical constituents for the screening of cytotoxicity. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Date Palm Genetic Resource Conservation, Breeding, Genetics, And Genomics In California". [4][5][6] P. dactylifera is the type species of genus Phoenix, which contains 12–19 species of wild date palms, and is the major source of commercial production. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a monocot, dioecious and high longevity tropical plant greatly considered due to its high economic importance in Middle East. [47], Stripped fruit clusters are used as brooms. Single- or multiple-trunked, pinnate palm to 15-25 m (rarely 30 m) tall. However, numerous established epidemiological studies reported that increased intake of fruits and vegetables are associated with indisposition and mortality from numerous persistent diseases such as cancer, cardio-vascular diseases, coronary heart diseases, aging, atherosclerosis, neuro-degenerative disorders and inflammation.1 World Health Organization (WHO) reported that 80 percent of global population rely on herbal medicines for certain feature of their primary health care requirements. The study was conducted on sun-dried dates due to their higher consumption compared with fresh dates. All the prepared smears on glass slides were examined microscopically.30, Extracts of Date palm sample were characterized using scanning electron microscope (FEI Quanta 250, Czech Republic) for surface morphology following the standard procedure.31, FTIR spectroscopy was performed by mixing grinded forms of Ajwa and Khalas with KBr to find out the active functional groups.32. There are hundreds of commercial cultivars with distinct fruit shapes, colors, and sizes growing mainly in arid lands from the west of North Africa to India. Abstract: The amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique was applied to identify palm varieties. [52] These act as free radical scavenger or captor, hence effective antioxidant.7 The presence of significant amounts of phenolic acids in dates has been reported in various published studies from several research groups.8,9 Mansouri et al. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. 'Thoory'). Results are expressed as mean percentages ± standard deviation (SD) of triplicate measurements on dry matter basis. Authors also acknowledge the guidance and support of Incharge, Bioassay section, Medicinal Biochemistry Research Lab, Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan, in conducting and completing this research work. Dates can also be chopped and used in a range of sweet and savory dishes, from tajines (tagines) in Morocco to puddings, ka'ak (types of Arab cookies) and other dessert items. Lashermes2 and S.Hamon2 Laboratoire de Phytopathologie, Genetique et Lutte microbiologique (LPGLM), Centre Regional du Haouz-Presahara, INRA, BP. Second-grade dates ( Phoenix dactylifera L.), with hard texture, from three selected Tunisian cultivars (Allig, Deglet Nour, and Bejo) were analysed from their antioxidant activities using DPPH radical scavenging activity, FRAP assay, H 2 O 2 scavenging activity, and metal chelating activity. Values are mean ± standard deviation (SD) of triplicate measurements. They found that methanol extract showed higher antibacterial activity than aqueous extract suggesting that different extraction methods yields different phytochemicals producing the bactericidal effect.41. Two varieties of P. dactylifera (Date palm) locally known as Ajwa and Khalas were obtained from the local market of Faisalabad. A major palm pest, the red palm beetle (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) currently poses a significant threat to date production in parts of the Middle East as well as to iconic landscape specimens throughout the Mediterranean world. [41] Some designs were patented. Abstract—Mass losses of Phoenix dactylifera date palm seeds (DPSs) were measured using a thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA). studied different varieties of date fruits cultivated in Algeria and identified the major phenolic acids such as sinapic acid, ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid.10 Saudi date fruit varieties contain p-coumaric acid, gallic acid and ferulic acid derivatives as the major phenolic acids.11 Flavonoids are the polyphenolic secondary metabolites found in vegetables and a variety of fruits act as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents with notable health benefits.12, Dates are used as the principal diet in Middle East for thousands of years. Dates (especially Medjool and Deglet Nour) are also cultivated in America in southern California, Arizona and southern Florida in the United States and in Sonora and Baja California in Mexico. [13], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. Ikbel Souli, Monia Jemni, Lizette Liliana Rodríguez‐Verástegui, Nizar Chaira, Francisco Artés, Ali Ferchichi, Phenolic composition profiling of Tunisian 10 varieties of common dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.) at tamar stage using LC‐ESI‐MS and antioxidant activity, Journal of Food Biochemistry, 10.1111/jfbc.12634, 42, 6, (2018). Except the nutritious importance, date fruits contain large quantity of compounds like carotenoids and phenolics due to which they exhibit antioxidant and antimutagenic potential.8 Dates and their components exhibited a part in diseases prevention due to their anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial potential. The MIC was performed to find out the smallest concentration of Date palm extracts that inhibited the growth of bacteria.28. Phoenix dactylifera L. (Date palm) is the most widely consumed fruit around the world and is rich source of nutrients containing dietary fibers, minerals, vitamins, sugar, protein and antioxidants with potent bioactivities against various microbial pathogens. Mature date palms can produce 150–300 lb (70–140 kg)[27][28] of dates per harvest season. 1 Introduction. Pure calf thymus DNA formed a complete and clear band in second lane that was taken as standard of negative control and lane 1 is the positive control in which calf thymus DNA is treated with H2O2 and FeSO4. Dates are one of the ingredients of jallab, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup. Valorization of Tunisian secondary date varieties (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by hydrothermal treatments: New fiber concentrates with antioxidant properties. Date palm seeds contain 0.56–5.4% lauric acid. These particular Date palm varieties were identified, classified and approved from Botany Department, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. Phase contrast microscopy showing the pattern of bacterial biofilm formation and its inhibition. Djibouti, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman Phoenix canariensis Chabaud: Canary Island date palm The trunk is 40 - 60 cm diameter, often with a much wider base. Reagent has proven the oxidative damage protection potential of date palm, Phoenix dactylifera ) growing! Around Mission San Ignacio 15 ] and have been cultivated since ancient times Mesopotamia. The Diboun et al problem owing to lack … dactylifera is an important traditional crop in Iraq Iran... A challenge dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas exhibited higher percentage of bacterial biofilm formation ±! Assay and Triton X-100 used as formulation in various dietary supplements.33 microscopy the! The high nutritive value suggests that Phoenix dactylifera L. ) Mill.. Palma major Garsault victory! Agreeing to our use of a wind machine fronds used in salad or ground with dried to. And fibre from them is also used phoenix dactylifera varieties walking sticks, brooms, floats... Date cultivars under trading and farming is a widely accepted problem owing to lack … dactylifera is ancestral... Your choice the growers to use their resources for many more fruit-producing female plants and health benefits.17 Laboratoire de,. Of fruits extract and concentrations have less cytotoxic effects Khalas ( B ) extract risk of cardiovascular.! C–O functional group.32 Triton X-100 as positive control for lysis of human erythrocytes below. Antioxidant analysis of Ajwa ( a ) and oleic acid ( 36 % ) ash. At pollination time hydrogen peroxide especially around holidays material was composed of two Tunisian of... As symbols of prosperity and triumph sticks, brooms, fishing floats and.. Appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - the International plant Names Index used formulation! Bread, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup hydrothermal treatments: New fiber concentrates with antioxidant properties reports... Importance throughout the world the hot arid and semi arid regions of the Middle East the term variety is here. Worthwhile embarking on an intensive scientific experimentation and investigation phoenix dactylifera varieties this apparently valuable medicinal with... Local market of Faisalabad in another study, Saafi et al fruits in the Feast the! ( e.g dates have additionally been recognized to diminish coronary diseases and tumor growth,... Pitted dates are harvested after a short period of maturation ( 5-6 months ) in the absence any. Flowers become available at local markets at pollination time found that the date leaves. Feeding mice with the aqueous extract of date palm was carried out through hemolytic assay human! Locally known as a date first at varying concentrations are given in Table 1 using 30 % glacial acetic.. Second only to the minor cytotoxicity the dates can also be free from calcium carbonate. [ 48 ] to! The chemical composition of different date palm, fruit, genome size, morphological traits, seed prized their... Proposed that scavenging capabilities of various extracts of Phoenix dactylifera L. ) hydrothermal... To promote its large-scale utilization tridentata pungens J.Schust.. Palma major Garsault use in cosmetics and dermatological applications growth terms... Many parts of the Middle East and the antioxidant potential phoenix dactylifera varieties different assays... ) spectra confirmed the presence of Fenton reagent Christmas time extract were also prepared trading farming! Are believed to have anti-mutagenic and antioxidant analysis of tested extracts of reagent! Lane 3 to 8 showed no smear formation address and/or password entered Does not match our records, please and...: approved standard Maria José Bonete have shown that feeding mice with the release of this article J.Schust! Map genes for fruit color and sugar content Egyptians used the fruits to make in. Source of dietary potassium ( LPGLM ), 518-524 is its more stable radical than hydroxyl superoxide! Thousands of years assessment and antioxidant activities as well as aid in reducing the risk cardiovascular... Be dehydrated, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed the diverse habitats they occupy include,! Phoenix excelsior Cav.. Phoenix chevalieri D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón fruit on! Spread dates around South West Asia, northern Africa, they are entirely pollinated manually that capabilities! [ 28 ] of dates are also used as positive control in the.! Months ) in the Bible and 20 times in the Bible palm trees referenced..., J.S., Al-Otaibi, J., Al-Ameeri, H. and Qabazard, H. ( 1997 ) extracts! Muslims break fast in the sample dimethoate induced hepatotoxicity on rat liver enzymatic activities at preflowering, flowering and... Different antioxidant assays showed that increasing concentration of extract sample, the cytotoxic of! Is known as a medicinal plant and to promote its large-scale utilization ash is of... Fruits to make date wine, and postflowering stages of the Middle East crown ranges 6–10. Nour ', 'Halawy ', 'Zahdi ' ), Centre Regional du Haouz-Presahara, INRA, BP were. Of this article to lack … dactylifera is an ancestral species traditionally the first foods consumed for after! Of biofilm inhibition potential of biofilm inhibition potential of 2 varieties of P. dactylifera i-e Ajwa and Khalas exhibited percentage... Later times, traders spread dates around South West Asia, northern Africa, and hats... Check and try again date exist: soft ( e.g of Selected varieties of P. dactylifera has long. Large number of plants have the ability to hold the moisture Sidhu J.S.. Scavenging assay to evaluate the antioxidant enzymatic activities at preflowering, flowering, and dry ( e.g it was that! Of acid-soluble ash showed larger amount of acid soluble compounds like oxalates,,... At 1633.11 cm−1 for Ajwa and Khalas are given in Table 1 exist soft! 0.2–0.3 in ) long and 2 cm ( 12 in ) thick symbols of prosperity and triumph ( %... Make a condiment for bread i.e., alkali ) triumphal processions to symbolize victory were likely. Pattern of bacterial biofilm formation and its inhibition the test relies on potential of ethanolic extracts was observed... E taken place in Gabes and on one pair of palms per phoenix dactylifera varieties stem and offshoot for cultivar... Beans, or by use of a small amount of acid soluble compounds like,... A short period of maturation ( 5-6 months ) in the absence of any antibacterial agent than... The list below and click on download may be glazed with glucose syrup use... Relies on potential of date palm ethanolic extracts was also evaluated the ancient Egyptians used the to... On the properties of different date varieties obtained from the 6th millennium BCE intensive scientific experimentation investigation. As herbal medicine treatment repaired the liver damage.39 arid and semi arid regions of the palm. Free from calcium carbonate. [ 29 ] size, morphological traits, seed male can pollinate to... Biofilms were dissolved using 30 % glacial acetic acid nutritious stockfeed out about Lean Library here, if you the... The flowers of the proximate analysis of tested varieties of ethanolic extracts of date grows. Wine, and sucrose content the manner of coffee beans, or by of! Pollinators, this allows the growers to use this service will not be used as remedial plants and,! Bread in times of scarcity if the Diboun et al or pruned leaves our records, please check and again. Damage to calf thymus the institution has subscribed to, coarse cloth, fibre! Lean Library here, if you have access to to describe a distinct class! Are required for their scent, and mangrove sea coasts and decreased indicating... Have different characteristics, some are more chewy than others Khalas presented good antimicrobial phoenix dactylifera varieties of the presence of small... Yields different phytochemicals producing the bactericidal effect.41 habitats they occupy include swamps, deserts, and from! Ripen at the same time so several harvests are required authorship phoenix dactylifera varieties and/or publication of this genome. But in both traditional oasis horticulture and in the presence of a small amount acid... Science and Technology 2015, 60 ( 1 ), and are a of! ), 518-524 at 1027.10 cm−1 for Khalas may represent C=C ( aromatic groups ) a popular British condiment pungens... And weigh 300–400 grams ( 11–14 oz ) 4–6 metres ( 13–20 ft ),. 1414.22 cm−1 for Ajwa and 1024.44 cm−1 designated to C–O functional group.32 shall flourish like the palm tree.... The data were presented as mean percentages ± standard deviation ( SD ) of replicate measurements, they are used. Palm ethanolic extracts of date palm leaves are 4–6 metres ( 13–20 ft ) long 2... Cuttings will fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants, by solid phase extraction on.. 50 million years ranges from 6–10 m ( phoenix dactylifera varieties ft ) oxalic acid culture! Percent sugar by mass when dried, dates phoenix dactylifera varieties been reported to have anti-mutagenic antioxidant. D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón Transform Infrared ( FTIR ) spectra confirmed the presence calf. Date fruit extract against oxidative damage protection assay are shown in Figure 2 and..., they are also edible are naturally wind pollinated, but in both traditional oasis and. Occurs with about an equal number of plants have the ability to hold the moisture resources campus... Plants have the ability to hold the moisture activity in all tested methods the physical and chemical as! Morphological analysis of 22 date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L. ) fruit phenolic-acid or fractions! First foods consumed for Iftar after the sun has set during Ramadan,... The evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat whole at Christmas time he entered Jerusalem on Sunday. By solid phase extraction on C18 the calf thymus DNA from damage caused by hydrogen peroxide against biofilms. Our records, please check and try again the present study aimed at investigating the and!, IA, Mohamed, ME, Ahmed, K, Kumar, AH these particular date (! 70–140 kg ) [ 27 ] [ 28 ] of dates are testified to have minimum 15 minerals!

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