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It’s the body’s only temporary organ, conjured by an embryo and expelled when its job is complete. Stand outside your home, on the front step, holding the baby. Emily Burns’ oldest son waters the peach tree the family planted over his younger sibling’s placenta. “It’s very striking when you contrast this [care] with how it’s treated in biomedicine: as biological waste.”. 10 Disturbing Rituals From Around The World Women Are Subjected To For No Good Reason. Traditional Native American postpartum pregnancy customs were steeped in cultural tradition while being mindful of the health of the new mother and baby. Placenta Rituals From Around the World. “I asked her what research was being done into it and she said none. “Inkaba” is the ritual of burying the cord and the placenta and this has great significance to the clan and seals the attachment of the baby to her ancestral lands. There is perhaps just one line of logic that suggests the practice of a woman eating her own is, in a sense, ancient. “We can also learn the value in ritual, in a mourning ritual of burial in particular, as we might find comfort in a ceremony to say farewell to pregnancy as we move into motherhood,” Burns says. In 2010, medical anthropologists Daniel Benyshek and Sharon Young, both at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, set about analyzing the traditions of 179 cultures for handling of the placenta. In Ancient Egypt, the placenta was considered by many to be a child’s secret helper. © 2020 Living and Loving Magazine | The Citizen |. This is a beautiful tradition. The placenta is commonly believed to be a child’s living relative: several cultures refer to it as a mother, sibling, or grandmother. Placenta: a living being, a guardian angel. In addition, traditional Chinese medicine sometimes prescribes dried placenta for chronic cough, liver problems, and male impotence. They regarded it as superstitious. The burial of the placenta and umbilical cord is thought to restore the woman's fertility and help heal her womb. Since the placenta acts as a filter, wherein toxins accumulate, the organ was an increasingly poor choice of nutrients. • Drink juniper/ash tea to cleanse your insides. It’s sent away as medical waste, never to be thought of again! Yes, some of those old wives tales you have heard are true. Eventually, the foetal heart will pump 500ml of blood per minute through the placenta. Click on the red dots to explore a sampling of placenta rituals from around the world. Right after conception has taken place, when the fertilised egg divides into 2 cells, one of those is already destined to become the placenta, while the other will become the baby. • Wrap sash belt around waist for four days after delivery. That tree then symbolizes ongoing life. After detachment certain rituals like burying can be performed. It also protects baby from mom’s immune system, who would otherwise attack baby’s body as a foreign object. Placenta Burying Ritual July 31, 2013. These strong women often walk, 8, 10 or more miles to get to a birthing mama. Many medicines are administered right after childbirth to aid in the removal of the retained placenta. (We’re sure you’ve read about some celebrities who’ve even eaten their placentas!). The placenta provides the baby with oxygen and nutrients from mom’s blood stream, while removing carbon dioxide and other waste products from baby’s body. The placenta is rich in nutrition and hormones, and supporters believe that it can boost breast milk production, reduce postnatal depression, improve bonding and help to stop bleeding after birth. Get our newsletter with new stories delivered to your inbox every Friday. Those advocating lotus birth believe their babies are much calmer with their placentas close to them, until they are ready to let go. These strong women often walk, 8, 10 or more miles to get to a birthing mama. En algunas regiones, la placenta se cuelga en el interior de la casa para que se seque o en un árbol como ofrenda a los cuervos de Odin. A researcher prepares a human placenta for a study at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom. She also has a breastfeeding practice and a Breast Pump Demo Centre. Thus far, researchers have been unsuccessful in validating these claims in large-scale studies—but this newfound Western interest in placentas has helped propel investigations into the varied cultural practices surrounding the placenta. What he learned next about placentophagy surprised him. Benyshek’s interest in placentas was piqued in 2008 at a departmental brown-bag lunch presentation at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. When you give birth, you may decide to keep your placenta or donate it to medical science. Placenta burial is the very final act of birth, it is the completion of the birthing journey. ), Dehydrated placenta, shown here along with a dried umbilical cord, will be ground to a powder and placed into a pill capsule for a new mother to ingest. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The midwife then pronounces, 'you are now responsible for your life as I am responsible for mine'. Burns believes Western societies could benefit from adopting postpartum practices, such as intentional placenta disposal. Circumcision. to ' correct the erroneOUS observatiods, notions, assertions and pontifications of some foreign armchair investigators about . It can be done without costing money, no matter where or when you give birth. Lotus birth is the practice of not cutting the cord after birth, but leaving the placenta attached to your baby until the cord dries out and the placenta detaches naturally from baby. ... Nigeria and South Africa. She is not just a practitioner of placenta ritual. "A common theme of hospital placenta stories is a sense of loss some women felt when it came to the placenta, and their missed chance to respect or honor it in some way" "It is a ritual. Blood vessels spread across its surface like the wide, billowing branches of a tree. religious situations, facts and values in Africa as a whole. In many African cultures, "zan boku" means "the place where the placenta is buried." Anthropologists are uncovering myriad practices for handling this organ. The Kikuyu of Kenya place it in an uncultivated field and cover it with grains and grasses, while other cultures bury it in the dirt floor of the family’s house. The placenta is rinsed regularly and wrapped in clean cloths. There are some who choose to eat a placenta as is, for example in a smoothie. The burial spot of the placenta seals the attachment of a person to their ancestral land and it is a place to which many will return as adults. “For many Indigenous cultures, the placenta is a living being.” Some other cultures believe in a sort of twinning of child and placenta. Finally, some rituals are based on spiritual or superstitious beliefs. *Because of the sacredness of this subject, this is a CLOSED DISCUSSION and only open to Black people of the African diaspora. “Inkaba” then comes to mean one’s ancestral home and symbolises the relationship between the individual, his/her clan, the land and the spiritual world. From San healing dances to Xhosa initiations, Hamar bull jumping to Bodi beauty pageants, there's no shortage of incredible African tribal traditions. Since the placenta is regarded as part of the child, and even as the child itself, it is wrapped up and buried in a clean place in a clean piece of cloth after birth. In Mali, it is though… The Ibo of Nigeria and Ghana treat the placenta as the dead twin of the live child and give it full burial rites. Those in favour of this practice argue that humans are one of the few mammals who don’t routinely eat their placentas. Here’s some facts that are guaranteed to make you appreciate this amazing organ, as well as some understanding of placenta practices which you may not have heard of before. Burns knows that fact well. Christine Klynhans is a nursing sister and South African Certified Lactation Consultant (SACLC). The placenta is the very first of all your baby’s organs that will grow and develop. African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa.It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures.In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. Other ritual ideas could be to bury the placenta and plant a tree on the same spot. Pinch a piece of placenta off and put in the mother’s cheek to stop bleeding. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Igbo tribe of Africa believe that burying the placenta connects the child to the spirits in the ground, and the placenta was given the name “Our Mother.” Native American tribes Chinook and Quinault call the placenta “Grandmother.” The Maori of New Zealand bury the placenta on tribal land to tie the child to the land. Many cultures around the world observe specific postpartum rituals to avoid ill health in later years. Later, British colonists dubbed the practice primitive and unhygienic. may bury the placenta in the courtyard of a mosque.12 Amongst the Kikuyu in Kenya, the placenta and the umbilical cord are believed to symbolise the attachment of the child to the mother and its roots in the traditional society. However, many cultures hold the placenta in great esteem and have post-birth rituals to celebrate its role. “Placentas are often colonized with bacteria. “It was clear quite early in the research that the placenta was not an afterthought. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. They are therefore handled with attention and solemnity in many traditions. Placenta burial is the very final act of birth, it is the completion of the birthing journey. In Ghana and among the Ibo of Nigeria, the placenta is treated as the dead twin of the live baby and given full burial rites. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. You may want to make a few prints in order to choose the best. After a birth, the mother is secluded in her hut with the baby until she stops bleeding and burial of the placenta … ... Nigeria and South Africa. Today, in fact, ingesting one’s placenta remains a potentially risky endeavor. “I felt emotional, bestowing the thanks for my beautiful healthy baby on this organ that had been grown just for that purpose,” she recounts. The placenta is commonly believed to be a child’s living relative: Several cultures refer to it as a mother, sibling, or grandmother. The Maori word for placenta and word for land have the same name, "Whenua." Instead, myths are embedded and transmitted in ritual practice. Emily Burns. Many are infected. The Navajo, a Native American group in the U.S. Southwest, have had a tradition of burying a baby’s placenta … This idea of reclaiming the placenta from the status of biohazard or waste is a significant one. Until about 20 weeks gestation, the placenta weighs more than the baby, as baby’s own organs are not yet capable of fulfilling their different functions. ‘Whenua’ (which means both earth and placenta), is the Maori tradition of returning the placenta and pito (umbilical cord) to the land. Eating the baby's placenta. Proponents, including celebrities and social media influencers, insist—based on anecdotal evidence—that it can boost new moms’ milk supply and mood levels, even going so far as to say it can fend off postpartum depression. The organ, she explained, is typically steamed, dehydrated, ground, and placed into capsules. There was no look at traditional cultures,” he says. A Ritual for Birth is known as a Birthingway and is a ceremony for a pregnant person just before they are due to give birth. If a baby wasn’t breathing they may dunk it quickly in a basin of water to shock them in to breathing. Or, just throw it away. Traditional Placenta Care & Ritual. 10 Disturbing Rituals From Around The World Women Are Subjected To For No Good Reason. Regular rinsing and salting will help to prevent this to an extent, but theoretically, it poses the risk of infection to baby, and it may have a bad smell. In Ghana and among the Ibo of Nigeria, the placenta is treated as the dead twin of the live baby and given full burial rites. Since women give birth in hospitals today, practices related to the placenta have totally vanished, although customs and beliefs regarding the umbilical cord are still common. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. It’s possible, then, that early humans had, at some point, an animalistic impulse to devour the placenta—fresh and raw—just after giving birth. In the early 1980s, a small group of activists sparked a resurgence in traditional placenta burial, and it is now once again a common practice. • Lay around too much. Because traditional cultures have long recognized and revered its power, the placenta is treated with great respect throughout much of the world, often disposed of in solemn ceremonies. It’s unlikely to cause harm. Biology / Health / Medicine / Symbols, An editorially independent magazine of the Wenner‑Gren Foundation for Anthropological ResearchPublished in partnership with the University of Chicago Press. In her arms, she cradled her sleeping newborn; beside her was a small container holding her placenta. “Across the Americas, the placenta is treated reverentially,” wrote Patrisia Gonzales, an assistant professor of Mexican American studies at the University of Arizona, in her book Red Medicine: Traditional Indigenous Rites of Birthing and Healing. If the newborn is a boy, the placenta is buried far from the home, and this burial may … • Attend chant way rites for sick people. Unlike Western mythology, African myths are not recounted as a single narrative story, nor is there any established corpus of myth. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. African religions - African religions - Mythology: In African oral cultures, myths embody philosophical reflections, express values, and identify moral standards. It continues to manufacture hormones that maintain the pregnancy throughout. How it manages to do this is still a mystery! The placenta would be wrapped in animal skin and then left outside for animals to feast on. Africa The Ibo of Nigeria and Ghana treat the placenta as the dead twin of the live child and give it full burial rites. Placentas are not a clinical waste. Placenta Rituals Around the World Eat it, bury it, make art with it, burn it. Since women give birth in hospitals today, practices related to the placenta have totally vanished, although customs and beliefs regarding the umbilical cord are still common. • Smear the baby’s first stool on your face. These cookies do not store any personal information. RITUALS, SYMBOLISM AND SYMBOLS IN YORUBA TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS THOUGHT E. Dada Adelowo* Introduction This paper' is moti~ated by' the need. is often overlooked. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. Human remains are powerful—“potentially very dangerous, polluting, contagious,” Benyshek points out. Learn more about Christine Klynhans. In certain African nations, the placenta is swaddled in blankets and buried beneath a tree. On the other hand, the cord can take 3-10 days to detach, during which time the placenta will start decaying. From a medical viewpoint, there’s currently not enough evidence on whether ingesting the placenta in this manner is effective or not. Many of these rituals include ceremonial burial and sometimes planting a tree on the spot, or naming the placenta. Finally, she gave her baby a kiss. may bury the placenta in the courtyard of a mosque.12 Amongst the Kikuyu in Kenya, the placenta and the umbilical cord are believed to symbolise the attachment of the child to the mother and its roots in the traditional society. The symbol of the medical profession, the caduceus, is the wand of Hippocrates with two snakes entwined which is derived from the triple vesseled umbilical cord. Placentas are not a clinical waste. A few days after giving birth at her home in southeast Australia, Emily Burns sat in her yard and watched as her husband and 2-year-old son dug a hole. If it’s nicely done it can show the cord, and the intricate network of lobes and blood vessels. Or you may decide to follow one of your own cultural traditions regarding the placenta. • Bury the placenta. Pinch a piece of placenta off and put in the mother’s cheek to stop bleeding. Traditionally, whenua were placed in hollowed-out gourds, earthen pots, or woven baskets, and then buried in a place of significance to return them to the Earth Mother. When the hole was big enough, Burns gently laid her still-sleeping baby onto the soft grass beside her to pick up the container. Benyshek believes that tendency would have ended after our species discovered fire, an innovation that would have regularly exposed humans to toxic smoke and ash. You might be grossed out by the sight of it, but once you know more about the placenta and gain a better understanding of some of the rituals practised with this amazing organ, we’re sure you’ll see it in a new light. When you give birth, you may decide to keep your placenta or donate it to medical science. Ideally, you can offer the baby for blessing by the household gods as the child enters the home for the first time, but realistically you can do it any time that the whole family is up for it. Poverty, cultural practices and a shortage of primary healthcare services are forcing women in Nigeria to seek the help of untrained traditional birth attendants, despite the serious risks involved. 1 Shares One man's treasure is another man's trash — and the sentiment holds … Some African nations swaddle the placenta in blankets and bury it beneath a tree as a tree symbolises ongoing life. Here are some cultural traditions from the different continents Africa The Ibo of Nigeria and Ghana treat the placenta as the dead twin of the live child and give it full burial rites. Rituals involving the placenta have existed throughout history and varied broadly from culture to culture. An honoring ritual need not be elaborate; it could be as simple as looking over the placenta and silently thanking it for its role in bringing that beautiful baby into the light. These prints are a beautiful and artistic way of preserving something of the miracle of the placenta. Here are some other world culture rituals and beliefs regarding the placenta … Baby Blessings and Ritual . Why Do We Keep Using the Word “Caucasian”. Some Icelandic and Balinese cultures see the placenta as a child’s guardian angel. Consuming the placenta may not be advisable—nor may it have the deep cultural roots that some adherents describe—but studying the treatment of the placenta has led researchers like Burns and Benyshek to question the dismissive handling of this organ in many societies. Among almost all mammal species on Earth besides humans, birthing mothers eat their own placenta. An honoring ritual need not be elaborate; it could be as simple as looking over the placenta and silently thanking it for its role in bringing that beautiful baby into the light. In some Native American cultures, the placenta is buried close to the home, signifying that the cord which bound you to your mother for 9 months now binds you to the land. Gunter, who has fielded requests by mothers who want to keep their placenta, noted that the organ can carry traces of arsenic, mercury, and lead. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. In addition, since placentas are mostly made of the baby’s cells packaged inside the mother’s uterus, they are helping scientists to understand how cancer cells can similarly avoid being attacked by the immune system. religious situations, facts and values in Africa as a whole. A researcher prepares a human placenta for a study at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom. (Indeed, some communities believe that the mother or child will be harmed if an animal, for instance, consumes the placenta. When it was time to plant the peach tree atop the placenta, Burns hesitated, feeling as if she was “saying goodbye to something very special that would not return.” The trio then packed handfuls of earth in the hole around the tree until it was filled. July 7th, 2013 – Ritualists Now Buying Babies Placenta For Money Rituals In Nigeria “Madam, I can help you raise money to pay your hospital bill, if you can give me your placenta.” This was the statement of a middle aged man identified as Segun who specialises in buying and selling of placenta. What appears to be waste to some holds immense importance for others – this is how the placenta’s worth can be defined. She walked over to the hole and placed the placenta inside. Inspired by those rituals, more mothers in the West, like Burns, are finding ways to appreciate an entity that modern medicine has dismissed as medical waste. Here are 20 traditions from across the world will make you go WTF. 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